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Hangover: causes, symptoms, treatments and preventions

Everyone who drinks alcohol has suffered from hangover at least once, and each person will have their own hangover solution. However, not many people know exactly how hangover occurs and how to prevent or effectively eliminate it. So, here’s an easy explanation of the mechanism of hangover and how to prevent and eliminate it.

Causes of hangover

  • Hangover is caused by various metabolic processes and reactions in our body that respond to excessive alcohol absorption. Alcohol increases urinary excretion, which in turn leads to dehydration and causes symptoms such as thirst and dizziness.
  • Alcohol stimulates the inflammatory response of the immune system. These inflammatory reactions can cause a variety of symptoms, including decreased concentration, decreased memory, decreased appetite, and weakness.
  • Alcohol may irritate and damage the gastric mucosa. It also increases the secretion of stomach acid and increases the amount of time food stays in the stomach. All of these changes cause nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
  • Alcohol can also lower blood sugar. As a result, too low blood sugar can lead to fatigue, weakness, shaking hands, mood disorders, as well as convulsive seizures.
  • Alcohol can dilate blood vessels and cause headaches.
  • Alcohol causes drowsiness, but deep sleep interferes.
  • Additives or fermentation by-products from alcohol can also cause hangover. Alcohol contains several types of additives or fermentation by-products called congeners. In general, colored liquors such as beer, brandy, and bourbon contain more additives or fermentation by-products than transparent liquors such as soju and vodka.

Symptoms of hangover

  • Fatigue, helplessness
  • Thirst, dry mouth
  • Headache, muscle pain
  • Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain
  • Lack of sleep, irregular sleep
  • Sensitivity to sound and light
  • Dizziness, dizziness, dizziness
  • Shaking in the hands or parts of the body
  • Decreased concentration
  • Emotional changes (depression, anxiety, anxiety, etc.)
  • Palpitations

Emergency situation due to hangover

Acute alcohol poisoning can lead to death in severe cases. If you have any of the following symptoms, there is a possibility of acute alcohol poisoning, so you should visit a medical institution quickly.

  • Severe vomiting
  • Loss of consciousness, loss of consciousness
  • Epileptic seizures, paroxysmal convulsions
  • Reduced breathing (less than 8 times per minute)
  • Irregular breathing (breathing intervals of 10 seconds or more)
  • Pale skin color change
  • Lower body temperature

Factors that make hangover worse

Hangover can appear differently from person to person due to a variety of genetic variations. So in some people, even a very small amount of alcohol can cause severe hangover. Also, hangover can be severe in the following cases:

  • If you drink alcohol on an empty stomach
  • If you smoke while drinking alcohol, or take medicine before or after drinking alcohol
  • If you can’t sleep properly after drinking alcohol
  • If you have a history of alcoholism in your family

How to prevent hangover

  • Eat before drinking, and eat snacks while drinking.
  • Avoid dark colored alcohol.
  • Drink water frequently while drinking.
  • Know how much to drink, and try to drink only the right amount.
  • Drink alcohol slowly.

How to alleviate hangover

  • Drink plenty of fluids through water or juice.
  • Eat clear soups, soups, toast, crackers, and other foods that are less irritating to the stomach and can replenish moisture, sugar, and salt.
  • Taking medicines according to symptoms such as headache medicine (tylenol, aspirin, etc.) and gastrointestinal medicine is effective in relieving hangover symptoms.
  • If you lack sleep, get enough sleep to relieve hangover.

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