As the skin ages, the thickness gradually becomes thinner and less elastic, and the adhesion of the subcutaneous fat and the skin weakens and stretches and sags in the direction of gravity. In addition, the secretion of sebum decreases, resulting in dryness and loss of shine. Aging of the skin already begins around the age of 30. In the early stages, the thin upper eyelids are often stretched, and facial wrinkles are often caused by frequent expressions or laughing. As aging progresses and the skin sags in earnest, wrinkles in the arms, wrinkles around the nose, wrinkles around the eyes, and wrinkles on the forehead begin to stand out. After that, wrinkles also develop around the lips and neck.
Causes of facial aging
Internal factors that cause wrinkles include age and aging genes, elastic fibers in the skin, connective tissue, muscle deterioration, reduced subcutaneous fat, decreased blood circulation, reduced sebum secretion, and reduced moisture. The wrinkles on the face are also related to the movements of the muscles that express the expression and the repeated posture for a long time. External factors include damage caused by sunlight (ultraviolet rays), poor use of cosmetics and soap, pollution, dust, dryness, and tobacco. Of these, ultraviolet rays are believed to have a close relationship with wrinkles, blemishes, and even skin cancer.
Symptoms of facial aging
Symptoms of skin aging are:
- The stratum corneum is excessively stacked and looks dry.
- The epidermis becomes thinner, and there are spots, hyperpigmentation, blemishes and blotch.
- The pores (hair follicles) are enlarged and look dull.
- There is a large line of blood according to the area.
- The elasticity of the skin deteriorates and sags and wrinkles appear.
- The cheek meat is extinguished by the loss of the subcutaneous fat layer.
Diagnosis of facial aging
No special examination is required before the procedure, but surgery does not alter the image of the entire face, nor does it stop the aging of the skin itself. When considering surgery, it is important to fully understand the expected effects and complications after surgery by thoroughly consulting with a specialist before surgery. If you are a smoker, taking medication, or using ointments that affect skin regeneration, you should consult your doctor before the procedure.
Facial Aging Treatments
Botox and filler, which are known as a way to get rid of wrinkles without applying a knife to the body, have different principles of action and different effective wrinkles. The idea that wrinkles can be removed without surgery is wrong, and depending on the area or extent of wrinkles, it may not be resolved without surgery.
Botox is a drug made of botulinum toxin, a toxin that paralyzes the muscles produced by bacteria that cause food poisoning in canned food. When this toxin is injected into the muscle, the neurotransmitter ‘acetylcholine’ cannot be secreted from the nerve endings, and the nerve becomes paralyzed. The treatment time is short, within about 10 minutes, and the effect begins to appear after 2-3 days, and after 1 ~ 2 weeks, wrinkles can be improved. However, after about 4 to 6 months, a new nerve ending is formed and the effect is lost. Botox injections can be used to improve the appearance of wrinkles in the middle of the eye, fine wrinkles on the eyes, or shallow wrinkles on the forehead.
However, Botox does not cause wrinkles caused by muscle movement, but does not work for already created deep wrinkles. In some cases, botox may be given in combination with hyaluronic acid filler injection, laser, blepharoplasty, or wrinkle surgery to obtain better results. However, some people, such as people with myasthenia gravis, should not take this injection, and depending on the medications taken, the effectiveness may be reduced or severe, so it is safe to consult a specialist before deciding on treatment.
Fillers are injected with a syringe into the dermis and subcutaneous layers of the skin to improve the scarring, wrinkles, and, in some cases, facial contours.
Hyaluronic acid is a substance that is naturally present in the skin and is present in the lubricating membrane of cartilage, bones and joints of human connective tissue. This substance adheres to cells within the skin and attracts water molecules to act as a shock absorber and lubricant, and also plays an important role in protecting the skin’s moisturizing and elasticity. No special examination is required before the procedure, and it is known as a safe filler material, and the effect appears immediately after injection, and generally lasts for 6 months to 1 year. Swelling and pain, redness and itching that appear immediately after the procedure usually go away within a few days, but if this discomfort persists or other reactions appear, you should contact the hospital.
In addition to these non-surgical procedures, aging faces can be rejuvenated through surgical treatments such as autologous fat transplantation using fat collected from the abdomen or legs, lifting with a thread, and facial contouring using incisions. However, indiscriminate procedures and surgery are dangerous because each person may have different types of procedures or procedures, and must be conducted through consultation with a medical professional with expertise.