1. Do I have to visit the hospital when I have nausea and vomiting?
Most people who show nausea and vomiting improve when they are at home. However, nausea and vomiting can sometimes be a sign of a dangerous situation. Please visit the nearest hospital in the following cases.
- When there is pain in the stomach or chest
- When vomiting has blood
- When you feel helpless or dizzy
- When urine volume is less than usual
- When pregnant or suspected of being pregnant
- When you have diabetes and you are using insulin
- When you have heart problems
- When symptoms appear immediately after taking new drugs
2. I often feel nauseous even if I stay still. I’m not really vomiting, but I feel like I’m vomiting. Should I go see a doctor in the hospital, or should I have an endoscopy?
Nausea refers to a feeling of discomfort before vomiting. Nausea is manifested by direct or reflex stimulation of the vomiting centers of the brain. It usually occurs when you eat foods that are indigestible, or when you have gastroenteritis or stomach ulcers. In addition, it can occur in a wide variety of diseases, including colds, cholelithiasis, and pancreatitis, as well as brain diseases such as brain tumors and increased brain pressure. In particular, a nervous or sensitive person can develop nausea simply by seeing or imagining something dirty. It may also appear as a common symptom of other conditions. If symptoms persist, it is recommended to see a doctor. Endoscopy may be necessary if it is deemed medically necessary after detailed medical examination and medical examination.
3. I am on anticancer drugs. Can’t I prevent vomiting symptoms?
There are several types of antiemetic that regulate nausea and vomiting. If nausea and vomiting occur because of chemotherapy, your doctor may give you one or more medications before chemotherapy. If you are having nausea and vomiting even after taking an antiemetic drug, you may be able to change existing medications. Preventing nausea and vomiting is very important in chemotherapy.
4. A week ago, I drank a lot of alcohol and vomited badly. From then on until now, I have been feeling sick. I am worried about what the cause is. I wonder if I need to undergo an endoscopy.
If you have had vomiting after drinking heavily a week ago and have been vomiting since then, you may have a stomach or liver abnormality. If symptoms persist, it may be a good idea to first perform a liver function test (blood test) and a gastrointestinal test. However, in most cases, these symptoms often pass by. However, it is recommended to stop drinking until the symptoms disappear.
5. After drinking and vomiting, the blood was mixed and the stool color was black after that. Why is that?
You should suspect Mallory-Weiss syndrome. When vomiting suddenly, the mucous membrane of the esophagus may tear and bleed. Mallory-Weiss syndrome is most common, especially when vomiting after drinking, and is primarily caused by tearing of the lower esophagus and gastroesophageal juction area. After bleeding, vomiting and the remaining blood go through the small and large intestines and are denatured by stomach acid, which causes the color of the feces to turn black. Most (about 95%) are treated without other treatments, but severe bleeding may require surgery. This rarely leads to death.
6. How can I relieve nausea and vomiting symptoms?
Dehydration can make nausea and vomiting symptoms worse. To prevent dehydration, drink plenty of sports drinks or water, and eat foods that contain large amounts of water, such as soups. If you can eat without vomiting, try eating soft foods such as crackers and noodles. Do not eat dairy or fatty foods, carbonated water or caffeine-containing foods. If you are pregnant, ask your doctor about treatments that are available without affecting your pregnancy. If you have severe vomiting, you may need to take another medicine. If you have ever had nausea after surgery in the past, talk to your doctor first before getting another surgery. This will help your doctor take steps to prevent nausea and vomiting again.